Our beneficiaries

Countries of origin of our beneficiaries (asylum seekers, persons, refugees, beneficiaries of humanitarian protection)

What is an asylum-seeker ?

An asylum-seeker is aperson who was forced to flee his country of origin because of war, persecution or other factors harming himand whose request for international protection has yet to be processed. No asylum-seeker can be returned from the border. According to the Moldovan Law an asylum-seeker can work during the procedure of status determination.

The status determination procedure lasts up to 6 months and, in case of rejection, the applicant is assisted by a legal counsellorto plead his case in court.

Moldova is a small country that receives far fewer asylum claims than its neighbours: 75 applications in 2017, 115 in 2018, 118 in 2019, 86 in 2020.

What is a refugee ?

According to the Law on Asylum No. 270-XVI from 18.12.2008 of the Republic of Moldova, an asylum-seeker can be recognized as a refugee if he meets at least one of the criteria established by the 1951 Geneva Convention on the status of refugees. Anyone who can prove that they are at risk of persecution in the event of return to their country of origin due to:

Refugee status is granted for a renewable period of 5 years.

What is a beneficiary of humanitarian protection?

A person can be granted the status of beneficiary of humanitarian protection if he does not meet the conditions for being a refugee but if there is a real and proven risk in the event of return to the country. Article 45 of the 2008 Asylum Law of the Republic of Moldova states:

A serious risk is understood to mean the presence of one of the following situations:

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